Currently, we can access the internet from anywhere in the world with security and speed. Technology evolves at an accelerated pace, improving our communications. One of these technologies is Cloud Computing or cloud computing, which allows you to store, share and make data, applications, services and software available over the internet . But do you know who invented cloud computing?

By using solutions that provide cloud services , we can share a document in the cloud, answer an email without using a system installed on our devices, listen to music without having to download files and view documents that can be edited by several people at the same time. time in a collaborative and connected environment.

Today, it is difficult to find companies that have not adhered to technology, as it is already part of our daily lives. But how did this term come about? Who invented this technology? That's what we'll tell you next.

When did cloud computing technology emerge and who invented it?


The term Cloud Computing emerged in 1997, in an academic-level lecture given by information systems professor Ramnath Chellappa . However, a few months earlier, in 1996, a business plan (available in PDF) prepared by a group of technologists from the company Compaq also used the term when discussing the evolution of computing.

The concept of technology is associated with John McCarthy , creator of LISP programming and a pioneer in Artificial Intelligence technology. In the 1960s, he discussed time-sharing computing , in which the computer could be used simultaneously by two or more users to accomplish tasks. The concept was called by him “Utility Computing”.

It was found in studies that this change resulted in lower expenses, in which the user only pays for using the technology. At that time, the concept of Cloud Computing began to take shape until the breakthrough with another scientist who was creating a concept that would revolutionize the world: he was the physicist Joseph Carl , pioneer in the creation of the internet.

By looking for other uses for the computer, Joseph found a way to connect people, allowing data sharing and communication on a global scale. After that, the ARPANET, global communication sharing network, was created and allowed Cloud Computing to take shape.

Outside the field of study, who first applied cloud computing?

There are several rumors about this subject. Many say that the creator was Amazon, while others claim that it was Google. Recently, Fio Magazine posted a video that shows that AT&T invented the cloud, showing the story of Andy Hertzfeld and Bill Atkinson , two of the Apple Macintosh engineers.

In 1990, they founded the company General Magic and built a software platform called Telescript, which was licensed in 1994. At the time, the CEO of General Magic said that the new artificial technology would allow sending emails, making purchases and keeping track of stocks. , among many other features.

But the fact is that between 2006 and 2008, it began to be offered commercially, when small, medium and large companies adopted it as part of the corporate universe . We can say that cloud computing became popular even in the corporate market with Amazon, when it launched its product Amazon Web Services (AWS) in 2006.

When it started, the concept of AWS was simple: each company could “rent” space and computational power, paying for its storage on Amazon. Already today, each company can use more than 70 different services, including analytics and software.

The S3 storage service contains a huge database and millions of service requests every second. Amazon Web Services is also used by over one million customers in 190 countries.

Use of cloud computing in our daily lives

While AWS dominates the cloud computing space when it comes to a business environment, when it comes to us consumers, we're probably more familiar with services like Dropbox, iCloud, and Google Drive, which we use to store backups of photos, documents, and more. most.

The increased use of mobile devices, with smaller storage capacities by people, has increased the need to utilize cloud-based storage among consumers. While some people may not understand what exactly the cloud is, chances are most are using at least one cloud-based service every day .

The cloud has enabled the growth of the mobile economy in many ways, enabling the development of applications that might not have been possible in the absence of a cloud infrastructure.

Evolution of Cloud Computing over time

Cloud adoption is almost inevitable in our hyper-connected world. The need for compute and storage capacity simply became too expensive to be realized locally, especially for businesses, which meant they had to outsource these tasks to cloud services.

As the shift to the 100% digital world continues to increase and the Internet of Things (IoT) continues to grow as an industry, cloud computing is expected to continue to rise for years to come.

It is clear that after 50 years, after John McCarty's definition of computing as a public utility, the technology has gained a strong scope. The truth is that, decades ago, his concept was different from the current one. Over the years, there has been an evolution in this technology, where each year there has been a gain in meaning and representation .

This great acceptance that we currently see is causing data processing and storage to be treated in the same way as a water or electricity supply service, where each company only pays for consumption.

Whatever your story line, we can define Cloud Computing in one word: present. Many companies have already adhered to this new business model, whether hiring outsourced services or building their own servers. This proves that the cloud is a bold technology that has emerged to improve the way we communicate and do business worldwide .

Now that you already know everything about the history, evolution and who invented cloud computing, get to know the cloud solutions that only Sky.One is able to offer with quality and security for your organization!


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Written by

Sky.One Team

This content was produced by SkyOne's team of cloud and digital transformation experts.